When Is Ovulation: Ovulation Signs


  • Ovulation Signs
  • Ovulation: Calendar Method
  • Ovulation and Basal Temperature
  • The Microscope Will Help Us!
  • When to Test Ovulation Strips
  • What Ultrasound Monitoring Tells

Did you know that the largest cell in the female body is the egg, or oocyte? Its diameter is approximately 0.1 mm, which is comparable to the size of the smallest speck of dust. The process of egg birth is called “ovulation“.

Since the beginning of the next menstrual cycle begins on the surface of the ovary maturation of the follicle containing the oocyte. Approximately 12-16 days from the beginning of menstruation mature, able to fertilize the egg is released from the ruptured follicle into the abdominal cavity – so ovulate. Then the egg absorb the funnel of the fallopian tube, and it begins to move through the tube into the uterus. If within 12-24 hours during this trip to meet the egg with the sperm, the fertilization can occur, but if it does not, then the egg is not embedded in the uterine wall and destroyed, then it will be removed from the menstrual blood.

Of all the cyclical changes, occurring every month in the female body, menstruation – the only tangible and visible process. But as to when ovulation, your own can only be judged on a number of indirect signs.

Of course, the approximate data obtained through self-observation of the body, should not be taken as a reliable clue for the prevention of pregnancy. But for those who dream of a child, information about which day ovulation occurs, it can bring many benefits. So how do you learn about yourself that you can not see and feel hard?

Ovulation: Calendar Method

Ovulation: Calendar Method

Ovulation Signs

Carefully listening to the sensations in your body, some women about mid-cycle may notice the appearance of nagging pains, tingling in the lower abdomen, may increase sexual desire.

If at the end of the cycle there is breast engorgement, a small increase in weight and even irritability – symptoms that are called premenstrual syndrome, there is a high probability that ovulation has occurred in a given cycle.

Another sign of ovulatory cycles – the presence of regular menses, occurs within approximately equal time intervals (the tolerance is 2-3 days). But how do you know when ovulation occurs in women, and whether it takes place at all? These questions can not be answered with absolute certainty even in the presence or absence of subjective symptoms.

Ovulation: Calendar Method

The average menstrual cycle is 28 days, or one lunar month. However, the duration of the time interval from the previous to the next menstruation is individual for each woman: either 24 or 32 days are not considered abnormal. Since ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle, the onset of menstruation can be expected in 12-16 days after ovulation.

Suffice it to record the date of the onset of menstruation for six months to learn the length of the shortest and the longest cycle. Then the number of days from the shortest cycle (e.g., 26) to be subtracted 18, the result is that the first fertile day in this example will be considered an 8-day cycle. And to find out the last day of a possible conception of the longest cycle (eg, 30 days) must be subtracted from 11. Then the 19th day would be the last fertile day in the cycle. Thus, favorable days for conception in our example – from 8 th to 19 th. But accurate information about when ovulation occurs, we still do not have.

Ovulation and Basal Temperature

Called basal temperature measured usually in the rectum, in the morning, without getting out of bed in one and the same time. With long-established opinion, which is often found in the medical literature that the basal temperature should be measured only mercury thermometer today is debatable. A good electronic thermometer gives the same reliable data, as well as mercury, but much faster and safer.

Even 15 years ago the women that measured basal temperature, had to draw graphics on the notebook sheet, holding up daily in these measurements. Today, the Internet can not only download the form on the schedule, but also to find programs to help transform the measurement of basal body temperature of the annoying daily classes in fascinating process of self-discovery. Suffice it to enter daily measurement data, and the program will build schedule will determine when ovulation occurs and whether it is in the current cycle, will provide information whether the two-phase cycle and how normal duration of the second phase, and even reported the possibility of pregnancy.

In the first half cycle of the basal temperature should be below 37 degrees Celsius, and the second, is typically 37,0-37,3 degrees. At mid-cycle, just before raising the temperature drops significantly, then it occurs a sharp rise by 0.3-0.6 degrees. The lowest point before the temperature will jump and the day of ovulation. So you can describe in words the perfect schedule of basal temperature. However, do not be upset if he is far from perfect. For example, even at ovulation ensuing drastic temperature jump and can not be, and in a two-phase diagram in the second phase the temperature may not rise above 36.9 degrees. This means that the method of measurement of basal body temperature does not hurt to be complemented by other, more accurate research.

The Microscope Will Help Us!

If you notice that the closer to the middle of the cycle from the vagina is allocated transparent, flexible and slippery mucus, resembling egg white, but soon it changes and becomes thick, it is possible that this information about yourself, you will be enough to learn about ovulation occurred. To obtain more accurate data, have several days to visit a gynecologist to carry out the crystallization test of cervical mucus and its characteristic pattern, apparently under the microscope to find out when ovulation occurs.

Similarly, the same information can be obtained by saliva: it appears that under the influence of hormones, depending on the days of the cycle there occur the same changes as in the cervical mucus. And this does not even have to go to the doctor, recently went on sale a compact mini-microscopes for saliva crystallization test at home. This method is possible to identify the onset of ovulation with probability 96-99%.

When to Test Ovulation Strips

Outwardly, this same test strips, as well as pregnancy tests. They are also sold in pharmacies, and use them just as easy: drop a few seconds in a container of urine and after some time to evaluate the results from the absence or presence of a second strip. This method is based on the determination of urinary luteinizing hormone levels, which increases the day before ovulation.

What Ultrasound Monitoring Tells

Perhaps, for the most reliable information on the timing of ovulation will have to see a doctor for an ultrasound monitoring of follicular maturation. Studies are beginning to spend closer to the middle of the cycle, then the growth of the dominant follicle evaluated every 2-3 days. As soon as it reaches the size of 1.8-2 cm, ovulation can be expected in the next couple of days. Signs of ovulation occurred and will not go unnoticed by a specialist.

So, a definite answer to the question how to determine ovulation, can be given. The surest option – to use all the techniques, from the most affordable and simple to modern high-tech.