Unfortunately, the dark spots on the face – is not uncommon, especially among middle-aged people and the owners of light sensitive skin. Brown spots may have very different shapes, size and color. Most often, the appearance of age spots causes prolonged exposure to the sun.
Melanin is a pigment of the skin cells which is responsible for pigmentation. The overabundance of melanin in the skin leads to the appearance of age spots, hyperpigmentation of the skin.
The Causes of Dark Spots on the Face
- Age or “liver” spots (also known as lentigo or age spots)
Age spots, usually brown or black color to arise on the face and other body parts. Age spots are caused by increased melanin content in the skin. A significant role in the occurrence of age spots plays a genetic predisposition, as well as the influence of ultraviolet rays and prolonged exposure to the sun. Older people have the probability of pigmentation increasing as melanin increases with age.
Actinic and seborrheic keratosis – another reason age spots on the face. On actinic keratosis indicated by the formation of callous or scaly patches of skin nodules or red or brown in color, painful to the touch and prone to irritation. Actinic keratosis caused by exposure to sunlight and often precedes skin cancer, but early diagnosis effectively treatable. Seborrheic keratoses are very common among adults and is a brown mole or wart. In addition to genetic predisposition, other causes seborrheic keratoses are not set, but the spots in this disease does not pose a threat to health and can be removed for aesthetic reasons.
Melasma (excess melanin in the skin) leads to the appearance of gray or brown age spots on the face. The spots may appear in a spot-on cover large areas of skin. Melasma is more common in women than men. Hormonal changes, certain medications, and genetics – are the main factors contributing to the development of melasma. Sun exposure may exacerbate the problem. By hormonal factors contributing to the development of melasma include pregnancy, hormonal contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy. After the termination of the stimuli (i.e, after completion of the course of therapy) spots disappear.
- Admission phototoxic drugs
Phototoxic drugs can irritate the skin and increase its sensitivity to sunlight. In the early stages the symptoms of phototoxic sensitivity are the same as with sunburn or rash, that is hyperpigmentation of the skin and the appearance of brown spots. By phototoxic drugs include tetracycline, sulfonamides, remedies for acne, some antihistamines, and some medications for arthritis, such as quinine.
Treatment to Remove Dark Spots on Face
For the treatment of dark spots on the face the variety of means are used as medicines and treatment. In particular, for removal of age spots using bleaching cream in combination with a sunscreen. Also effective laser therapy, cryotherapy (the skin is treated with liquid nitrogen freezing or similar agent, eliminating the abnormal pigmentation), dermabrasion (Microdermabrasion skin) and chemical peels. Moles and keratotic stains typically removed using cryotherapy, excision or laser therapy.
Prevention of the Appearance of Age Spots on the Face
The most effective way to prevent age spots on the face – the constant use of sunscreen with a high SPF-factor. Exposure to sunlight is the most common cause of hyperpigmentation of the skin. This adverse effect can be manifested as an adult, but if a child you spent much time in the sun, it greatly increases the risk of hyperpigmentation. It is also recommended to wear hats and sunglasses to protect your face from the sun’s rays.
Home Remedies for Removing Dark Spots on the Face
- Lemon juice and apple cider vinegar
Lemon juice – a great bleaching agent which effectively displays dark spots. Treat the spots on your face twice a day. The results will be visible in a few months. Acceptance of apple cider vinegar inside also helps to eliminate age spots. A mixture of apple cider vinegar and chopped onions – another effective tool to eliminate age spots. Results are visible within five to six months of regular use of the mixture.
- Castor oil
Treat the spots with castor oil. Unlike lemon, it has no bleaching properties, but improves skin texture.
- Juice of onion
Finely chop the onion, squeeze the juice and dip a cotton swab in it. Treat the age spots with cotton swab.
- Aloe vera
Aloe vera has healing properties and helps to smooth the complexion, making spots less visible.
Apply the oil of vitamin E on the spots or take supplements of this vitamin. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant, it neutralizes free radicals, such as smoke and pollution.
The Composition to Treat Pigment Spots
Mix a quarter of cup of plain yogurt and 1/8 cup of natural apple cider vinegar. Add the juice of a quarter of a lemon and a tablespoon of aloe vera juice. Apply this mixture on your face and leave it to dry completely, like a mask. Then apply a bleaching agent, such as a cream containing hydroquinone, or a little lemon juice and allow to dry. After finishing the procedure, apply a moisturizer.
Dark Spots that Appear with Age
Light brown or yellowish small spots like ripples and emerging with age – it is not a mandatory feature of aging, as many people think. Age spots, as well as other cases of hyperpigmentation are cosmetic problem that can and must be addressed, especially as today these spots may not appear when you are 70 years old, but when you are 40 or 50. The fact that this phenomenon is so “rejuvenated”, is due to the fashion for a tan, in addition, age spots appear in connection with a change in the hormonal background, and women, the appearance of senile ripples can cause menopause.
Age Darkening of the Skin – Causes and Methods of Struggle
To this problem has not arisen or has arisen as late as possible, you need to carefully monitor your health and beauty products to use with protection from the sun’s radiation. The appearance of age spots is the result of malfunctioning of the protective mechanism, which is responsible for the pigment – melanin. Hyperpigmentation of the skin in some older age – is the consequence of a strong love for the odd tan throughout life, which is easier to prevent than to cure. Taking vitamins, time passing medical examinations and protecting the skin from the effects of the sun can be avoided by early appearance of age spots. In this case, special attention should be paid to the skin of hands and face – these areas are likely to be localized foci of hyperpigmentation.
Of course, like other spots, the age hyperpigmentation is treated, although quite hard. Eliminating internal medicine, doctor prescribes the use of specific pharmacological agents, the active substance that inhibits the production of melanin pigmentation intensity and gradually becomes smaller, lighter spots and then just disappear. If for some reason the dermatologist did not feel able to appoint such strong medicine, it is necessary to connect cosmetology, and first of all – salon treatment.
Procedures for Removal of Dark Spots
Practice shows that in the fight against age spots home methods and traditional medicine can carry only an additional feature, they can not save people from such a manifestation of hyperpigmentation finally. The best way to get rid of unsightly darkening of the skin beauticians believe the same procedures as laser resurfacing or, cryotherapy and cryosurgery parity, deep chemical peels. These methods allow you to quickly remove the top layer of skin, where localized spots. Cosmetics from the pharmacy can even help in the fight for an skin tone, it should be chosen on the advice of your doctor-dermatologist.
Start the fight against aging skin darkening is best in the late summer, when the sun was not as active and do not cause much harm. However, once faced with the age spots, it is mandatory to start using protective equipment with a high level of UF-filters. Otherwise, get rid of hyperpigmentation and age especially, will not work. Dermatologists are also advised to limit time in the sun and tanning refuse: in addition, it causes patches of hyperpigmentation, sun dried strongly mature skin, causing the appearance of new wrinkles.