The Use of Folic Acid


  • The Use of Folic Acid
  • Folic Acid in Pregnancy
  • How to Take Folic Acid Tablets?

About one other vitamin does not go so much rumors and conversations, as about folic acid. If only it came about discussing pregnancy or planning a child, the first thing that is advised to the future mother is to take this vitamin. Indeed, the need for the use of folic acid in the planning of pregnancy says almost every gynecologist, but what is the reason for this need? Let’s figure it out step by step.

The Use of Folic Acid

The Use of Folic Acid

Folic acid is a very important vitamin B9. In normal life, we get it when we eat green vegetables (cabbage, peas, onions, etc.) that have not been cooked when we drink fresh orange juice or eat buns of wholemeal.

Vitamin B9 is necessary for the body to synthesize some amino acids, its daily norm is at least 400 micrograms. For ordinary life, it is necessary to take it additionally only in case of serious disorders in the body: macrocytic anemia, severe malnutrition, gastricemia, hemodialysis or alcoholism. But if we are talking about a pregnant woman, the daily need is almost doubled (up to 600 mcg). The use of folic acid in pregnancy becomes almost mandatory, especially when a woman has nicotine or alcohol dependence.

Folic Acid in Pregnancy

Scientists have proven that it is better to start taking folic acid while planning pregnancy, and not just when it has already come. A total of 200 micrograms per day during the conception period of a child will reduce the risk of a child having birth defects of two or more times (in particular, a neural tube defect). The danger of such a congenital defect lies in the fact that the formation of prerequisites for its appearance occurs in the first 2-3 weeks of pregnancy, when the future mother still does not know about her position and the need for adequate nutrition for the normal development of the baby.

The mechanism of “work” of this substance in the human body by scientists has not been fully studied to the end, but the effectiveness and necessity of folic acid is recognized at all international and regional levels of medicine. Most of all, the need for it is felt in the first month after conception, and if you do not take measures, then a deficiency of folic acid may develop. Statistics show that every second woman taking hormonal drugs, there is a risk of exacerbating this deficit.

By the way, taking vitamin B9 at the planning stage of pregnancy is advised to men, it helps to increase the number of healthy spermatozoa. By the way, another interesting “consequence” of his reception: almost doubling the likelihood of conception of twins!

How to Take Folic Acid Tablets?

For active treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, the dosage for adults is up to 5 mg / day, for children – half as much. But for prophylactic purposes, no more than 200 micrograms / day are prescribed. In both cases, consultation with a doctor is mandatory.

  • Dosage for pregnant women is counted by the attending physician. Usually the daily dose is not more than 400 mcg / day, but it can vary depending on the state of the woman’s body.

It should be remembered that the use of folic acid in the form of tablets to replenish the vitamin balance is not the best option. It is more effective and natural for the body to get vitamin B9 from food. Salad, carrots, spinach, fresh liver, nuts and grains quite will help to fill the missing balance.

  • Do not forget about caution. Even such a useful medicine has contraindications. Pernicious anemia or hypersensitivity will be serious obstacles in taking the drug, and people prone to allergies can expect minor skin inflammation or itching. Be careful not to overdose. Of course, the excess of folic acid will not be bad for a woman, but here the concentration of other nutrients in the body (for example, vitamin B12) may noticeably decrease.