Symptoms of Sore Throat


Content:

  • Symptoms of Sore Throat
  • Real Sore Throat
  • Treatment of Sore Throats

Most people believe that they have many times had tonsillitis, that their symptoms are known to them, and that any reddening of the throat is the sore throat. Medical statistics claim that not the vast majority, but only 50% of the population at least once in their life experienced this disease. Let’s figure out what are the real symptoms of sore throat and who is right.

Red Throat is not an Argument

If you open your mouth, you see redness on the arches that limit the entrance to the pharynx, reddened tonsils. They consist of lymphoid tissue and are part of the immune system. Tonsils are inflamed very often, and this is not necessarily a sign of sore throat. Just everything that gets into our body and can carry foreign microbes – food or air, primarily affects the tonsils.

Inflamed tonsils – this is tonsillitis, but not sore throat. The cause may be usual ARVI. Many other signs that are usually attributed to symptoms of sore throat, also indicate tonsillitis: runny nose, fever, painful swallowing. Since tonsillitis can be caused not by one dozen microbes, it is not surprising that it accompanies many diseases.

Real Sore Throat

Sore Throat is a defeat of the tonsils by one of two kinds of microbes – streptococci or staphylococci. In 80% of cases, the disease causes streptococcus, 10% of staphylococci and 10% can detect both types of microorganisms. These microbes can affect the tonsils in a very special way. The disease begins abruptly. The temperature rises literally before our eyes. In the throat there are sharp pains, and the surface of the tonsils is covered with bloom or pustules.

  • In addition, the mandatory symptoms include weakness. It can be expressed in the form of sweating, dizziness or headaches, chills. Symptoms of sore throat in children, as a rule, are accompanied by a complete loss of appetite.

A distinctive feature of the disease is an increase and inflammation of the lymph nodes. Inflamed as proneusheynye lymph nodes (they can be felt just below the ear), and submandibular.

  • If all these symptoms are present, remember, sore throat is an acute infectious disease, which is very contagious. Symptoms of sore throat in adults who have been in contact with a patient may appear on the third day after contact. In children, the incubation period is even shorter.

Symptoms of Sore Throat

Similar symptoms can give and diphtheria or one of the rare viral diseases – infectious mononucleosis. Early diagnosis is important because the treatment of these diseases differs drastically. With sore throat, antibiotics are prescribed, with diphtheria a special antidiphtheria serum, no one else acts on mononucleosis.

  • Sore throat is not chronic, it is an acute disease that can get infected from the patient, but you can not get sick by eating ice cream.

Treatment of Sore Throats

Sore throat responds quickly to adequate treatment. If the treatment is wrong or the disease is simply not treated, then the likelihood of complications is high. Streptococci can affect the heart muscle, kidneys and joints. Virtually all rheumatic diseases are a complication of sore throat .

While keeping the temperature the patient should be in bed. Any motor activity increases the risk of complications in the heart. The food should be warm (not hot!) And not injure the sore throat – soups, mashed potatoes, liquid porridges. If you do not have an appetite, then you should not force yourself to eat. It is necessary to drink a lot of warm liquid – compotes or mineral water. Antibiotics are prescribed penicillin series – penicillin, erythromycin, ampicillin. And remember, completing the course of antibiotics before 7 days, you increase the risk of getting a complication. Rinse throat will not be superfluous and will help improve well-being. For these purposes, a solution of propolis, chamomile, sage. Antipyretic should be taken only if the temperature rises above 39 degrees.