How to Deal with Depression?
- What is Depression?
- Depression Symptoms
- How to Deal with Depression?
The phrase “I’m depressed,” we repeat over and without characterizing so even those states that do not like it, and it is not paying attention to symptoms suggestive of this depression. Meanwhile, lightly to his mental health should not, under any circumstances. Unfortunately, depression can cause many serious disorders and even lead to death, because in this state, a person can think about suicide. Therefore, everyone needs to clearly understand and know what depression is and how to fight it, in time to prevent irreparable progression of the disease.
What is Depression?
Under depression understand the state of severe mental disorder, which is accompanied by four typical phenomena:
- depressed mood and loss of strength;
- loss of ability to enjoy;
- impaired thinking (a pessimistic view of things, negative judgments about everything);
- motor retardation.
Also for depression is characterized by low self-esteem, guilt, fear and anxiety, loss of interest even to those things that used to interest. Such phenomena are more common in women (two-thirds of patients with depression – that they are), and it is depression in women tends to flow in the form of the disease: it happens, if depression lasts longer than 4-6 weeks.
Also very common is depression in children, and they have shown it in:
- loss of appetite
- sleep problems (children often have nightmares)
- damage to nature (aggressiveness, resentment, detachment)
- problems with the study, which did not exist before.
In order to determine how to cope with this disorder, it is necessary to understand the reasons that cause it. Among the factors contributing to a state of depression, the most frequent are:
- various dramatic experiences (departure from work, loss of a loved one, serious changes in life) – they cause the so-called reactive depression (i.e, emerged as a reaction to an event);
- disturbances in brain activity – they cause endogenous depression (when its causes are not obvious);
- genetic predisposition;
- excessive load on the brain as a result of stress;
- a side effect of some medications.
Also, depression may be a “side effect” in other diseases – such as cardiovascular diseases and central nervous system, endocrine disorders, beriberi, and tumors.
How to Deal with Depression?
In general, depression is curable well enough, so in the case of the first signs of its development it is necessary to consult a doctor and start treatment. It does not necessarily imply hospitalization: often requires 1-2 months course of outpatient psychiatric consultation. The course usually involves the use of antidepressants and psychotherapy. Drugs for depression are quite complex structure and have side effects, but very serious complications do not give, resulting in stable remission in 30% of cases. More effective is cognitive therapy, which is particularly relevant in the case of brain disorders.
In addition, there are many alternative methods of supporting and fight depression. They include:
- exercise (they can be combined with medication);
- art therapy and music therapy (particularly relevant for depression in women);
- meditative practices;
- reception of various concoctions (eg, St. John’s wort tincture).
Also do not forget that an effective method of prevention of depression is to solve the problems that lead to depression. Therefore, if you face a problem to get out of depression by yourself, try to rid yourself of annoying and negative factors, to solve their problems in life, and to abandon what might disappoint you. It will be much more effective than long medication and therapy, which can only be a secondary method, if you still have not got rid of the root of their life difficulties.