Childbirth: We Study the Process from A to Z


1 Start of contractions
2 Fetal behavior during childbirth
3 What’s next
4 If there are any difficulties
5 Births in figures

Nobody will be able to accurately answer the question of how long the delivery lasts.

This process takes place in every woman individually, but all the stages go in strict sequence and they should be known in advance.

The beginning of contractions

The gestation period lasts approximately 40 weeks, but often mothers give birth in the period from 37 weeks. It’s quite normal. and depends on the course of pregnancy and the characteristics of women (hormonal background, child’s activity and other).

To understand that the time has come when the mother gives birth to regular bouts every 10-15 minutes, and also when the amniotic fluid begins to leak. The doctor can see that the birth has begun by reducing the uterus, which begins to open.

Childbirth: We Study The Process From A To Z

In order to prepare a woman’s body, almost during the entire period of pregnancy, the expectant mother can feel painless contractions. Before the birth, these fights will intensify, the mucous plug will come out and literally the first stage will begin in just a day.

The first stage is the period when the cervix opens. So you need to prepare yourself for the fact that if in the beginning of the bout were every 10-15 minutes, then gradually it will become part and reach a peak with an interval of 2-3 minutes. Contractions are the longest and most painful part of the generic process.

Thus, the cervix opens rather slowly – only 1-1.5 cm in one hour. However, when it expands to 4 cm, the process will go faster. The contraction of the uterus takes no more than minutes, the rest of the time the mother and child rest and gain strength for the next attack.

Fetal behavior during childbirth

Beginning with the first fights, the baby gradually descends. The process of birth is inherent in nature so that everything happens slowly and smoothly, then the child does not get injured and will have time to adapt to the dimensions of the birth canal and the bones of the mother’s bones.

The head of the baby with each advance helps the uterus stretch even more. After the uterus has stretched to the size of 10-11 centimeters, the second stage begins – attempts and the birth of the baby. In the second stage of the fetus the fetal head has already passed through the pelvis, and the process goes much faster.

What’s next

At the second stage, together with the contractions, a woman is awaited and tries. At this time, you will actively work with all muscle groups, in particular the abdominal cavity. So during the planning process, it will not be superfluous to strengthen them. Often there is a desire to exert itself before the full disclosure of the uterus. In this case, it is necessary to breathe slowly and deeply, in order to suppress this urge. Attempts are most effective if they occur simultaneously with contractions.

The duration of the second stage usually does not take more than an hour, but it all depends on the characteristics of the parturient, the effectiveness of attempts, the size of the fetus, the width of the pelvic bones of the mother, and the position of the baby. The end of this stage is indicated by the first sigh and cry of the newborn.

Further, the baby will clean the airways and put Mum on his stomach. After completely painless and quickly passes the separation and excretion of the placenta. All this will not take more than 10 minutes.

If there were difficulties

To date, many women in order to avoid pain resort to prompt intervention – caesarean section. This procedure is performed under general anesthesia and lasts no longer than 30 minutes. However, for medical reasons, this procedure is prescribed in about 10% of cases and only those women who can not give birth on their own.

Caesarean section is prescribed in cases when:

  • age over 30, miscarriage of the child, too large a size of the fetus;
  • some obstetric complications;
  • a narrow bone pelvis, the width of which is insufficient for the baby’s exit;
  • the presence of serious chronic diseases that during pregnancy can worsen and carry a threat to the mother and child;
  • a direct threat to the life of the child (for example, lack of oxygen).

Childbirth in figures

Finally, it should be noted that the period of each phase lasts different times, but there is a general figure from which you can build on.


  1. preparatory fights about 6-8 hours;
  2. contractions – up to 18 hours at the first pregnancy;
  3. attempts and expulsion of the child – 30 minutes – 1 hour.