Alopecia Causes and Treatment of Hair Loss
- Symptomatology of Alopecia Disease
- What is Alopecia Disease
- Causes of Alopecia
- Treatment of Hair Loss
- Alopecia Areata and Hair Loss Diagnosis
Alopecia causes excessive hair loss and the appearance of specific, distinct, bald spots. Alopecia disease leads to a partial loss of hair or complete baldness. In medicine portrayed conflicting views about the nature of the origin of the disease – a sudden loss begins, and quickly ends by hair restoration. The exact cause of the formation is not known. Treatment is often long and inefficient.
Genetic studies revealed the presence of certain genes that determine susceptibility to this type of hair loss, but direct evidence of the origin of the gene is not present. Alopecia disease occurs in both men and women.
Symptomatology of Alopecia Disease
The disease manifests itself in people aged 15 to 25 years as the small areas of bald skin on the head, on beard ( for males) or the body, rapidly proliferating area. The patient is in good health, the analyzes do not reveal serious violations of the organs and systems, excellent state of health.
Gradually increases the focal lesion area, new bald spots, they are merged. Hairs are weak, their structure is broken, upon closer inspection, resemble a question mark, easily out of the skin by the root. When progressive form, the process is enhanced, it leads to the total loss of hair, and the treatment has no effect.
Paradox of Alopecia areata for men and women is that the process may stop hair loss as well as started – without apparent cause and treatment. Moreover, bald head is covered with hair of normal thickness, color and texture. And then again to fall. In alopecia areata life of hair does not seem to depend on the body’s genetic information and pledged nature.
What is Alopecia Disease
Depending on the disease, can be identified:
- scattered (local) alopecia, when the bald spots in one place, such as on the top, has a rounded shape and is not covered. Characteristic for both men and women;
- subtotal alopecia (general) of the second degree. It is characterized by foci of hair loss, often occupying a larger area than healthy hair, can spread to the eyebrows, beard (for men), the body, armpits;
- total alopecia areata (alopecia totalis, malignant), when the hair on the head and the body falls out completely.
Deprived of hair the scalp becomes pale, greasy appearance, sweats profusely. universal baldness treatment often does not work.
In addition to the most common types of disease can be noted:
- universal alopecia disease – a rare form characterized by loss of hair on the head and body. On hands and feet visible clearly defined areas without hair, hair volume reduction or absence in the armpits. Universal alopecia accompanies neurasthenia, dystonia, changes in the structure of the nail;
- marginal alopecia areata occurs in children, hair loss around the edges, on the back of the head and temples. The result is a circle, devoid of hair, vellus hair saved a short time, and then they fall out. The boundary focal disease of the scalp requires long-term treatment;
- Alopecia in the form of a crown is common in women and children, has virtually no symptoms manifestations, treatment is ineffective;
- exposing alopecia areata – when formed sufficiently large areas without hair, which quickly affect healthy skin.
More isolated spot alopecia, alopecia characterized by the presence of areas the size of a pea, scattered over the surface of the head.
Causes of Alopecia
Diagnosing of focal balding in men and women is difficult because of the lack of objective data of laboratory research indicating specific reasons. Therefore, the disease is considered caused by the presence of certain factors, which include:
- prolonged stress, prolonged depression;
- physical injury, causing the body’s production of proteins of heat shock, in fact stimulate the immune system and causes the body to “fight” with the non-existent enemies;
- chronic infection;
- bad heredity, caused by the presence of certain genes in the chromosome responsible for the growth, the type of hair density. If a hereditary line is replete with bald grandparent, then it is likely that the successor too will suffer alopecia. This factor is most commonly affects men: This factor is most commonly affects men.
- Often the causes of patchy alopecia – the disease of autoimmune nature, when the follicular cells of the body are perceived as a threatening factor, and it begins to produce antibodies that kill their own relatives. The result is hair loss, atrophy of follicles, their “fading.”
- In women, the scalp lesion causes lupus – immune disease, with weakness, fever, malaise. For women, hair loss is typical for early menopause.
- Sometimes hair loss is an elementary dental caries, both men and women.
The appearance of lesions in women cause endocrine system diseases, in particular malfunction of the thyroid gland, causing an imbalance of hormones.
Treatment of Hair Loss
For the diagnosis and treatment of causes of alopecia should contact a trichologist – a doctor who specializes in diseases of the scalp. He accurately identifies the causes, a diagnosis, determine treatment. You also need to consult with other doctors gynecologist (for women), the dentist to identify inflammatory diseases of the nose, mouth and genitals. As for women, and men will be useful advice endocrinologist, who will offer to conduct laboratory examination of blood on the amount of hormones, prescribe corrective treatment.
Alopecia Areata and Hair Loss Diagnosis include:
- a blood test, toxoplasmosis, a mycoplasma, Epstein-Barr virus;
- children necessarily a study of feces for worm infestations;
- blood test giardiasis (in children);
- hormone analysis.
Treatment of hair loss involves complex procedures: vitamin therapy, physiotherapy (laser biostimulation follicles, pulse currents, ozone therapy), taking dietary supplements, drugs. In severe cases, alopecia is a transplant – transplanting healthy follicles from the dermis to the affected area. Surgery is popular among men. Effective treatment for alopecia using corticosteroids – steroid hormones, which are introduced into the dermis syringe (for women).
Patchy hair loss for men and women requires immediate diagnosis, identify the causes that provoke increased hair loss, and treatment by a physician trichologist. Alopecia areata is a scantily and unpredictable disease, suggesting a long, methodical treatment.